Many developed countries, including the United States, Russia, Australia, and the United Kingdom, have built an intelligent traffic management system. A developing nation, such as India, is also implementing a smart traffic management system.

Vehicle sales are growing in developing countries, which has resulted in increased traffic on the roads. In India, especially in metro cities such as Mumbai, Chennai, and Delhi, traffic management is becoming a critical issue in comparison to other cities. Countries such as India are looking forward to implementing smart traffic solutions to control traffic.

Smart traffic management systems aid in the detection of congestion areas and, as a result, aid in the reduction of congestion. It analyses and synchronizes sensor information in real time for this action. The traffic light blinks based on the amount of traffic in the input data. This device has the potential to minimize emissions while still increasing road safety.

The typical smart traffic management system has submodules such as a camera system, a traffic control unit, a computer guidance system, and a peripheral module. The traffic control system is used to handle and control on-road traffic. There is a video surveillance system that helps to track traffic through installed cameras, and if the number of vehicles at any given location rises, it alerts the traffic control supervisor, who takes action to avoid a traffic jam.

The system architecture has the components that would be used in a system with the control unit. The traffic control system is used to effectively handle traffic and to provide continuous contact between the transmitter and the receiver. The peripherals manage sensor setup and processing in order to detect signals and send responses to the control unit. The control system is used to communicate with the traffic flow detection system and other peripheral devices.

Data Analytics and Intelligence

To manage congestion scenarios and power, data analytics are used by traffic management companies. In the case below, the machine will work properly.

Flow 1– the total vehicle number data crossing, transiting, and standing for traffic at a specific time will be sent to the server computer by the traffic signal sensor system.

Flow 2 – The flow 1 data from sensors is fed into the data computational and used by the mobile agent at the intelligent vehicle systems computer control unit, which is linked to the GIS mapping.

Flow 3- When the traffic level reaches a certain threshold, the data analytic engine sends a signalling message to all machines via the mobile agent service located at traffic controllers, directing them to the next alternate path or traffic-free route.

A intelligent traffic management system detects information using an RFID regulator and RFID tag. RFID controller employs an RFID interrogator to interact with RFID tags. The RFID interrogator sends a signal to the RFID controller.

The following are some of the benefits of smart traffic management.

Congestion detection and traffic reduction

The traffic control device receives input from sensors and peripheral devices and assists in identifying traffic congestion. Based on the identification, the device makes self-decisions and conducts a traffic-reduction process.

Real-time traffic signal timing

The intelligent traffic management system enables traffic lights to run in real-time conditions. Traffic works automatically based on traffic congestion.

Traffic accident safety

 By deploying this device, the likelihood of a road accident can be reduced.

Emissions reduction

 Pollution can be minimized by properly managing traffic flow. People can save fuel, and as a result of fuel savings, pollution is reduced.